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Nursing

Think about PICO

PICOT Questions

P: Population/disease

I: Intervention/variable

C: Comparison

O: Outcome

T: Time it takes to demonstrate an outcome

Examples on how to formulate various PICOT questions

DIAGNOSIS OR DIAGNOSTIC TEST

  • Are/is (I) more accurate in diagnosing (P) compared with (C) for (O)?

ETIOLOGY

  • Are (P) who have (I) at increased/decreased risk for/of  (O) compared with (P) with/without (C) over (T)?

INTERVENTION/THERAPY

  • In (P), what is the effect of  (I) on (O) compared with (C) within (T)?

MEANING

  • How do (P) diagnosed with (I) perceive (O) during (T)?

PREVENTION

  • For (P) does the use of (I) reduce the future risk of (O) compared with (C)?

PROGNOSIS/PREDICTION

  • Does (I)  influence (O) in patients who have (P) over (T)?
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From: Melnyk, B. M., & Fineout-Overholt, E. (2011). Evidence-based practice in nursing & healthcare: A guide to best practice. Wolters Kluwer