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Turabian Citation Guide: Author-Date Style

This guide details how to write citations based on Kate L. Turabian's A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations 7th Edition.

Author-Date Style

With the Author-Date style, you signal use of a source by including a parenthetical in-text citation at the end of the sentence your reference is contained in.  At the end of the paper, you include all sources in a more detailed reference list..  To see this in practice, refer to the examples below.

Basic Format (Reference List)

Author(s) or Editor of Work, Year Published. "Title of Work,in Title of Multiauthor Work,ed. Name of Editor if given (Place of Publication: Publisher, Date of publication), Persistent URL or DOI (accessed date of access).

In-Text Citation (End of Sentence)

(Author Year Published, Page Numbers)

Sample Citations in Author-Date Style

(Book, One Author)

Crane, Stephen. 1896. The Red Badge of Courage. New York: D. Appleton and Company.

(Crane 1896, 62-65)

(Book, Two or More Authors)

Doe, John and Jane Doe. 2014. A Book. Boston: Made-Up Publishing. 

(Doe and Doe 2014, 52)

(Book, Four or More Authors)

Bernstein, Jay M., Claudia Brodsky, Anthony J. Cascardi, Thierry de Duve, Aleš Erjavec, Robert Kaufman, and Fred Rush. Art and Aesthetics after Adorno. Berkeley:    University of California Press, 2010. 56-59

(Bernstein et. al. 2010, 59)

(Book, Editor or Translator instead of Author)

Douchand, Pierre trans. 1969. Beowulf. New York: New York Press.

(Douchand 1969, 24–39)

(Book, Editor or Translator in addition to Author)

Waters, Mike. 2014. Waters of Life: Edited Version. Edited by John Smith. Slippery Rock, PA: Slippery Rock Press, 2014. 

(Waters 2014, 319-29)

(Chapter or other part of a book)

Cremonese, Lance. 2013. “Introduction to Rocconomics” in Made-Up Means of Defining Economies:, ed. by Terry Wayne. 227–44. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

(Cremonese 2013, 233-236)

(Preface, foreword, introduction, or similar part of a book)

Ross, Jim. 2010. Foreword to Mankind: A Tale of Blood and Sweatsocks, by Mick Foley, ix–xii. Dallas: Champion Books.

(Ross 2010, ix)

(Book Published Electronically) (Note: Cite version consulted.  Ex: Website URL, Kindle, Name of E-Library Service, etc.)

Amadio, Lorne. 2013. Saga of Star Ships and Star Worlds. New York: McGraw-Hill. 219. Accessed December 8, 2012. ProQuest Ebrary.

(Amadio 2013, 219)

(Article in a Print Journal)

Chase, Alejandro. 2013. “Swollen Joints and Endopsychosis.” Journal of Made Up Maladies 290, no. 3 (June): 155–69.

(Chase 2013, 157)

(Article in an Online Journal)

For a journal article consulted online, include an access date and a URL. For articles that include a DOI, form the URL by appending the DOI to rather than using the URL in your address bar. The DOI for the article in the Brown example below is 10.1086/660696. If you consulted the article in a library or commercial database, you may give the name of the database instead.

Brown, Leroy. 2012. “Pass-Blocking Guidelines.” Journal of American Football 129, no. 2 (April): 657. Accessed April 1, 2012.

(Brown 2012, 657)

Rondez, Nina. 2013. “Understanding the Nintendo-Sega Dynamic.” Video Game Research 4, no. 5 (October): 18, accessed April 9, 2012. Academic OneFile.

(Brown 2013, 18)

(Magazine Article)

Wayne, Bruce. 1982. “Life in the Batcave.” New Yorker, February 23. 57

(Wayne 1982, 57)

(Newspaper Article)

Bumiller, Elisabeth, and Thom Shanker. 2013. “Pentagon Lifts Ban on Women in Combat.” New York Times, January 23. Accessed January 24, 2013.

(Bumiller and Shanker 2013)


A citation to website content can often be limited to a mention in the text (“As of July 27, 2012, Google’s privacy policy had been updated to include . . .”). If a more formal citation is desired, it may be styled as in the examples below. Because such content is subject to change, include an access date and, if available, a date that the site was last modified. If there is no date listed on the site, use the access date as the primary date in the citation.

Facebook. 2014. “Privacy Policy.” Google Policies & Principles. Last modified July 29. Accessed January 3, 2015.

(Facebook 2014)

(Blog Entry or Comment)   

Seven, Gary. 1962. “Earth Is a Very Strange Planet and I Like it Not At All.” Seven's Reporting Blog, July 1. Accessed February 16, 2012.

(Seven 1962)